Civil Rights Timeline

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Tommie Smith and John Carlos

July 26, 1948: President Harry S. Truman signed the Executive Order that desegregated the United States Military.

May 17, 1954: Brown vs. Board of Education ruled that Separate schools based on race were inherently unequal and thus unconstitutional.

August 28, 1955: Emmett Till was lynched after being falsely accused of flirting with a white woman- an innocent murder of a young African American boy.

December 1955-1956: Montgomery Bus Boycott: Including the arrest of Rosa Parks and successfully desegregated Montgomery’s public transportation.

1961: “Freedom Rides” try to integrate the bus systems throughout the nation.

July 2nd, 1964: President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act outlawing discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

February 21st, 1965: Malcolm X was murdered

March 7, 1965: Bloody Sunday: Armed civilians and policemen in Dallas attacked Civil Rights marchers. All of this was broadcast across the nation.

April 4th, 1968: At only 39 years old, Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and killed.

1968 Summer Olympics: When Tommie Smith broke the world record and John Carlos placed third in their race, they each raised their fists showing black power.

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